The artisanal production of footwear is a complex process that has maintained the same stages of production for centuries, and that requires shoemakers to have very special skills achieved after years of learning. In order to carry out this whole process, the collaboration of all the members of the family and some helpers was common in the past, and the tasks were divided between men, women and children. First of all, the shoemaker took the customer’s measurements, made the patterns from the chosen design and prepared the skin cuts. A former trainer had previously been in charge of completing the form. Later, the women were in charge of sewing by hand or machine the leather cuts that the men then assembled, nailing them on the shape of the wood, and also sewing the insoles, the tour and the sole. It was also the women’s own job to finish the shoe, such as painting and cleaning the shoes. The children, on the other hand, took care of the simplest tasks such as gluing or fetching the materials.
The Museum of Footwear and Industry has a wide selection of tools for the manual manufacture of footwear dating from the twentieth century provided by former shoemakers in the region, which show the large number of specific threads needed to the making of footwear in the traditional way.