The July piece consists of a set of press clippings on the protests by the unions amid the Yanko crisis, documents on the UGT union, a picture of congress and a briefcase from that same union. All this material, which dates from the 1990s, belonged to the personal archive of the former seamstresses and unionist Mercedes Lara Carrasco (1946, Quesada, Jaen), who has given it as a loan to the Museum.
The trade unions played a very important role in the industrial sector after the transition to democracy, as they achieved some major milestones including: eight-hour working day, two days off, paid holidays and leave, etc. They also had a crucial role as far as the footwear and ancillary industries are concerned they even created a sub-delegation that encompassed the textile and leather sector. The trade unions had a greater presence in large factories, such as Yanko, since the large number of workers made it possible for powerful works councils to emerge.
As far as gender is concerned, the integration of women into trade unions took some time and was little significant, since they usually held secondary positions and carried out less important tasks. However, there were some exceptions such as Mercedes Lara, who in the 1990s managed to become chair of the Yanko work council, president of the Federation of Related Industries (FIA) of the UGT in Majorca, and also Inca town councillor. Unfortunately, she couldn’t remain in those positions for a long time due to internal and external pressures and the fact that she was a woman.
The press compilation includes plenty of photographs of the various protests and strikes planned by Yanko workers over layoffs and the possibility of closing the plant. We also find letters between the union representatives and the company, an agenda for a UGT meeting, an annual sheet with the days worked and holidays and a few identification cards of the union and the Town Council.